Low-latency polling schemes for long-reach passive optical networks

Mohammad Kiaei, Kerim Fouli, Michael Scheutzow, Martin Maier, Martin Reisslein, Chadi Assi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


The increased propagation delay of future long-reach passive optical networks (LR-PONs) may lead to a significantly increased idle time and delay if optical network units (ONUs) use conventional report-grant mechanisms. Sophisticated and efficient bandwidth allocation mechanisms are required to cope with the imposed propagation delay in LR-PONs. In this study, we evaluate three dynamic bandwidth allocation (DBA) frameworks in terms of frame (packet) delay; namely, we consider conventional (interleaved) polling for traditional PON and two recently introduced scheduling paradigms for next generation LR-PON, i.e., multi-thread polling (MT-P) and real-time polling (RT-P). We enhance MT-P and RT-P by applying the just-in-time framework. Next, we provide an analytical framework for evaluating the end-to-end frame delay in our enhanced MT-P and RT-P frameworks. We compare their performance with conventional polling and double-phase polling and investigate their shortcomings and advantages in an LR-PON setting. The simulation results closely match the analysis for this framework. Also, our results indicate that RT-P significantly reduces frame delay in LR-PONs compared to MT-P and conventional polling frameworks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6544190
Pages (from-to)2936-2945
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
Issue number7
StatePublished - 2013


  • Delay analysis
  • Ethernet PON
  • Long-reach PON
  • Multi-thread polling
  • Real-time polling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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