Low-Birth-Weight Infants Born to Adolescent Mothers: Effects of Coresidency With Grandmother on Child Development

Sandra K. Pope, Leanne Whiteside, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, Kelly J. Kelleher, Vaughn I. Rickert, Robert H. Bradley, Patrick H. Casey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


Objective. —To explore the impact of young maternal age, coresidency with infant’s grandmother, and other familial and environmental factors on development of low-birth-weight (LBW) infants. Design. —Prospective cohort analyses. Setting. —Eight medical institutions in different geographical locations participating in the Infant Health and Development Program. Participants. —Control population of 272 LBW, preterm infants enrolled in the Infant Health and Development Program born to mothers aged 15 to 24 years. Main Outcome Measure. —Child cognitive, behavioral, and health outcomes at 36 months’ gestation-corrected age. Results. —Maternal age was not significantly related to child development. Coresidence with infant’s grandmother was associated with improved cognitive and health outcomes. Maternal ethnicity, maternal verbal ability, and other environmental factors were also associated with child outcomes. Conclusions. —Findings of this study support the need for programs that include the extended family of at-risk infants, providing education and literacy skills to the mothers and encouraging participation of all care givers of the child.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1396-1400
Number of pages5
JournalJAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association
Issue number11
StatePublished - Mar 17 1993
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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