Justice, Sanctioning, and the Justice Model


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12 Scopus citations


The justice model has emerged as an alternative to the discredited rehabilitative ideal as a basis for sanctioning policy. Retributivism or just deserts is offered as the primary justification for the criminal sanction in this model, although sometimes in combination with incapacitation and deterrence as companion rationales for sanctioning. Desert is, additionally, an integral component of a sense of justice that is presented as an attribute of the justice model. Desert, both as a rationale for sanctions and as the basis for justice, is drawn from the philosophical models of Immanuel Kant and John Rawls. However, these models have some rather disturbing implications that have not been addressed by proponents of the justice model. A critical examination of them and their implications for criminology is therefore in order.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)203-213
Number of pages11
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Law


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