Job embeddedness: A multifoci theoretical extension

Kohyar Kiazad, Brooks C. Holtom, Peter Hom, Alexander Newman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

178 Scopus citations


Integrating the expanding job embeddedness (JE) literature, in this article we advance a multifoci model of JE that is theoretically grounded in conservation of resources (COR) theory. From COR theory, we posit that employees' motivation to acquire and protect resources explains why they become embedded and how they behave once embedded. Our COR-based JE model highlights contextual antecedents that clarify how employees become embedded within different foci. Its multifoci theoretical lens also illustrates how different forms of work-focused embeddedness differentially affect work outcomes and how they interact with nonwork foci to influence those outcomes. Along with directions for further research, we further discuss theoretical and practical implications of our integrative formulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)641-659
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1 2015


  • Conservation of resources
  • Job embeddedness
  • Turnover
  • Work performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology


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