Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Scopus citations


English is now widely recognized as an - if not the -international language both in and out of the field of TESOL. The ambiguity in the definition of ‘English users’ and the lack of statistical information across countries make it difficult to arrive at the exact number of English users, but Crystal (2003: 61) estimated it to be somewhere between 1.1 billion and 1.8 billion, 320 million to 380 million of which are the native speakers of the language.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPrinciples and Practices of Teaching English as an International Language
PublisherChannel View Publications
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9781847697042
ISBN (Print)9781847697028
StatePublished - Mar 16 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities(all)
  • Social Sciences(all)


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