Incineration of acidic aqueous solutions of dopamine by electrochemical advanced oxidation processes with Pt and BDD anodes

Enric Brillas, Abdoulaye Thiam, Sergi Garcia-Segura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


The degradation of 1.04 mM of the drug dopamine hydrochloride (100 mg L- 1 of dissolved organic carbon (DOC)) solutions of pH 3.0 has been comparatively studied by electrochemical advanced oxidation processes (EAOPs) like anodic oxidation (AO) with a Pt anode and AO, electro-Fenton (EF) and photoelectro-Fenton (PEF) with a boron-doped diamond (BDD) anode. The AO processes were performed with a stainless steel cathode, whereas EF and PEF used an air-diffusion cathode that produced H2O2·AO with a Pt anode led to very poor mineralization because of the low oxidizing ability of OH formed at the Pt surface. The use of a BDD anode in AO yielded faster incineration due to the much greater oxidation of OH generated by BDD. The production of OH in the bulk from Fenton's reaction enhanced largely the mineralization process in EF, which was upgraded in PEF by the photodecomposition of some intermediates by UVA light. Almost total mineralization with 97% DOC removal was found after 360 min of EF and 240 min of the most powerful PEF at 100 mA cm- 2. The rise in current density from 16.7 to 100 mA cm- 2 caused increasing DOC reduction for all EAOPs. The change in mineralization current efficiency and specific energy consumption per unit DOC mass was also discussed. Generated short-linear carboxylic acids like maleic, tartronic, glycolic, acetic, oxalic, oxamic and formic were identified by ion-exclusion HPLC. These acids were quickly removed in EF and more rapidly in PEF due to the photolysis of their Fe(III) complexes. Ion chromatography revealed the pre-eminent generation of NH4+ ion along with a lower proportion of NO3- ion. This technique also confirmed the oxidation of the starting Cl- ion at both Pt and BDD anodes with high ClO4- production using BDD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)189-197
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Electroanalytical Chemistry
StatePublished - Aug 15 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Anodic oxidation
  • Boron-doped diamond
  • Electro-Fenton
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Photoelectro-Fenton
  • Water treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Electrochemistry


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