Hope, learning goals, and task performance

Suzanne Peterson, Megan W. Gerhardt, Joseph C. Rode

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


This paper examines the relationships among hope in its trait and state forms, goal orientation, verbal persuasion, and task performance. Results of a laboratory experiment involving 212 undergraduate students indicated that learning goal orientation was positively related to trait hope. Findings further indicated that trait hope was positively related to performance on an anagram task through the mediating variable of state hope; moreover state hope was influenced by negative verbal persuasion but unaffected by positive verbal persuasion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1099-1109
Number of pages11
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Issue number6
StatePublished - Apr 2006


  • Goal orientation
  • Hope
  • Individual differences
  • Task performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


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