High-temperature calorimetric study of oxide component dissolution in a CaO–MgO–Al2O3–SiO2 slag at 1450°C

Anastasia Koryttseva, Alexandra Navrotsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Blast-furnace slags are formed, as iron ore is reduced to metal, as a molten a mixture of refractory and not easily reducible oxides, largely silica, alumina, lime, and magnesia. Their relatively low silica content makes them basic and poor glass formers. Their thermodynamic properties, though important for modeling their formation and reactivity, as well as furnace heat balance, are poorly known. Solution calorimetry of small amounts of solid oxides in a molten oxide solvent at high temperature (up to about 1500°C) permits direct assessment of energetics of dissolution. The enthalpies of solution of slag forming oxides: CaO, SiO2, Al2O3, MgO, and Fe2O3 in a simplified model slag of composition: CaO (45.9 mol%), SiO2 (35.1 mol%), Al2O3 (8.3 mol%), MgO (10.7 mol%) were measured by high-temperature drop solution calorimetry at 1450°C. For this slag composition, enthalpies of solution become more exothermic in the order: Fe2O3 (279.3 ± 20.8 kJ/mol), MgO (56.7 ± 9.1 kJ/mol), Al2O, (41.6 ± 11.3 kJ/mol), CaO (−4.3 ± 2.3 kJ/mol), and SiO2, (−20.4 ± 4.4 kJ/mol), reflecting the relatively basic character of this low-silica melt. Within these fairly large experimental errors, characteristic of calorimetry at this high temperature, there is little or no discernible concentration dependence for these heats of solution. The trends seen for these five solutes parallel those seen for heats of solution of the same oxides in other melts at various temperatures, with changes in magnitude reflecting the differences in acid-base character of the melts. The new data for quartz show systematic behavior which extends the range of basicity studied for the enthalpy of dissolution of silica. The results provide reliable data for future modeling of the thermal balance of steel-making furnaces and geologic and ceramic systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1172-1177
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • oxides
  • slags
  • thermodynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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