High-Resolution Electron Microscopy

John Spence

Research output: Book/ReportBook

346 Scopus citations


This book covers both practical and theoretical aspects of atomic resolution transmission electron microscopy. The discovery of the carbon nanotube, the three-dimensional imaging of the ribosome, and the imaging of a single foreign atom inside a thin crystal by energy-filtered transmission electron microscopy have all demonstrated the immense power of this technique. The recent development of aberration-correction devices has brought the spatial resolution of the method below one Angstrom. The emphasis throughout is on a clear presentation of fundamental concepts, and practical advice. The chapters review simple electron optics, phase contrast theory, coherence theory, and imaging theory for thin crystals. The multiple scattering theory is given in full, and the relationship between the various formulations (Bloch-wave, multislice, scattering matrix, Howie-Whelan equations, phase grating etc) is explained. Applications in biology and materials science are covered, with discussions of radiation damage, sample preparation, image processing and super-resolution, electron holography, and aberration correction. The theory of high-angle annular dark field Z-contrast imaging by scanning transmission electron microscopy is given in full. Additional chapters are devoted to electron sources and detectors, fault diagnosis, experimental methods and associated techniques such as channelling effects in X-ray microanalysis, microdiffraction, cathodoluminescence, environmental microscopy and electron energy-loss spectroscopy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
PublisherOxford University Press
Number of pages424
ISBN (Electronic)9780191708664
ISBN (Print)9780199552757
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010


  • Atomic resolution
  • Electron microscope
  • Electron microscopy
  • High resolution imaging
  • Nanoscience
  • Phase contrast
  • Single-atom imaging
  • Stem
  • Tem
  • Transmission electron microscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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