Heterogeneous preferences for congestion during awilderness experience

Peter Boxall, Kimberly Rollins, Jeffrey Englin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


This analysis breaks down the congestion levels experienced during specific parts of a wilderness canoe trip. By explicitly addressing the heterogeneity in preferences for congestion during a trip, we are able to determine the relative value canoeists place on solitude at different points of a trip. Our econometric model utilizes a random effects probit framework to efficiently estimate the welfare impacts of congestion on each trip portion. The welfare effects of congestion levels vary across wilderness areas, parts of a trip and individuals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)177-195
Number of pages19
JournalResource and Energy Economics
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Congestion
  • Contingent valuation
  • Heterogeneous preferences
  • Panel estimators
  • Wilderness recreation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics


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