When mixed in aqueous solution at low concentrations, the neutral polymers dextran and poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) rapidly form a two-phase system, consisting of a dextran-enriched lower phase and a PEG-enriched upper phase. Two B16 mouse melanoma cell lines, B16-F1 (low lung colonizing capability) and B16-F10 (high lung colonizing capability) were found to partition differentially into the upper phase in a variety of two-phase systems. Upper-phase partition depends primarily on either hydrophilic (i.e., surface charge density) or hydrophobic (i.e., affinity for the hydrocarbon chain of a PEG-fatty acid ester) cell surface properties depending on the system used. In single-step partition studies, cells of the B16-F10 subline displayed a greater preference than B16-F1 cells for the upper phase in the hydrophilic system and less preference in systems sensitive to hydrophobic properties. Countercurrent distribution (CCD) experiments, performed with [125I]deoxyuridine DNA-labelled cells, were consistent with single-step partition results. These CCD results demonstrated that B16-F10 cells exhibited greater DNA synthesis than B16-F1 cells and that considerable heterogeneity, in both hydrophobic and hydrophilic surface properties, was present in subpopulations of cells of both sublines. The data also showed considerable enrichment of 125I-specific cell activity in certain sections of the distributions, indicating that differences in cellular DNA synthesis are reflected in the surface properties to which partition is sensitive.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology