Health goal cognition and adjustment in women with fibromyalgia

Nancy A. Hamilton, Paul Karoly, Alex J. Zautra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to identify individual differences in symptom-specific goal for persons diagnosed with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) and to determine whether those differences are related to adjustment outcomes. Women with FMS (N = 71) rank ordered 12 FMS-specific goals and completed a packet of psychosocial outcome measures. Cluster analysis suggested that there were three relatively homogeneous subgroups defined. Cluster 1 ranked goals related to seeking professional care higher than all other groups. Cluster 2 ranked self-sufficiency goals higher than the other two groups. Cluster 3 ranked social-validation goals higher than the other two clusters. Multivariate analyses of variance (MANOVAs) and post-hoc tests showed that goal profiles covaried with differences in pain, negative affect, goal-specific social support, general social support, goal-related interference, and negative life events. Differences between groups are discussed in the context of proposed relations between goals and environmental support.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)455-466
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Behavioral Medicine
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2005


  • Fibromyalgia
  • Goals
  • Pain
  • Self-regulation
  • Social networks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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