God. . . Karma, Jinn, spirits, and other metaphysical forces

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Humans have a natural tendency to explain events as caused by metaphysical or supernatural beings and forces. Much of the research in the psychology of religion over the past few years has focused on explanations and experiences involving a person-like God, whether God is authoritarian and/or benevolent, and the extent to which people think of God as being involved in human affairs. Yet many theists think of God in more abstract terms. Moreover, people in every religious tradition and culture believe in other metaphysical beings and forces. These beliefs and related experiences may reflect, and even predict, a believer's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. More precise measures and innovative methodologies are needed to investigate the great variability in metaphysical beliefs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10-14
Number of pages5
JournalCurrent Opinion in Psychology
StatePublished - Aug 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)


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