Genome characterization of parsley severe stunt-associated virus in Iran

Vahid Hasanvand, Jahangir Heydanejad, Hossain Massumi, Tatjana Kleinow, Holger Jeske, Rafaela S. Fontenele, Simona Kraberger, Arvind Varsani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Parsley severe stunt-associated virus (PSSaV) is a recently identified nanovirus first reported in Germany. During a survey for identification of nanoviruses infecting apiaceous plants in south-eastern Iran, PSSaV was identified and characterized using a combination of rolling circle amplification (RCA) and high-throughput sequencing. Parsley plant samples were collected from vegetable production farms in Kerman province. From two symptomatic samples (39Ba and 40Ba), seven PSSaV components (DNA-C, -S, -M, -R, -N, -U1 and -U2) with two phylogenetically distinct variants of DNA-R (R1 and R2) were identified. In common with the German isolate of PSSaV, no DNA-U4 component was identified. In addition, associated alphasatellite molecules were identified in samples 39Ba [n = 6] and 40Ba [n = 5]. Sequence analyses showed that concatenated component sequences of the two Iranian PSSaVs share 97.2% nucleotide identity with each other and 82% to the German isolate. The coat proteins (CPs) of the PSSaV Iranian sequences share 97.2% amino acid identity and ~ 84% identity with that of the German isolate. Sequence and phylogenetic analyses of a total of 11 recovered alphasatellites from the two samples can be classified into the genera Fabenesatellite [n = 2], Milvetsatellite [n = 1], Mivedwarsatellite [n = 2], Subclovsatellite [n = 2], Sophoyesatellite [n = 4] in the family Alphasatellitidae. Identification of PSSaV and other nanoviruses in wild and cultivated plants in Iran reveals that nanoviruses could be causing yield reduction in crops plants in this country.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)293-301
Number of pages9
JournalVirus Genes
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2021


  • Alphasatellitidae
  • Iran
  • Nanoviridae
  • Parsley severe stunt-associated virus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Virology


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