Field-free, Stark, and Zeeman spectroscopy of the à 2 Π1/2- X 2 ς+ transition of ytterbium monohydroxide

Timothy C. Steimle, Colan Linton, Ephriem Tadesse Mengesha, Xilin Bai, Anh T. Le

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


The 000Ã2Π1/2-X2ς+, 110Ã2Π1/2-X2ς+, and 101Ã2Π1/2-X2ς+ bands of an internally cold molecular beam sample of ytterbium monohydroxide, YbOH, have been recorded at the near natural linewidth limit and analyzed to determine the fine structure parameters. Numerous lines in the 000Ã2Π1/2-X2ς+ band associated with the lowest rotational levels were recorded in the presence of a static electric field and analyzed to determine the magnitude of the molecular frame permanent electric dipole moment, |μ - el|, for the X2ς+(0,0,0) and Ã2Π1/2(0,0,0) states of 1.9(2) and 0.43(10) D, respectively. An electrostatic polarizability model is used to predict the μ - el for the X2ς+(0,0,0) state. The 000Ã2Π1/2-X2ς+ band is recorded in the presence of a weak static magnetic field to observe the electric dipole allowed transitions having ΔJ=-2, which are used to assist in the rotational quantum number assignment and confirm the identity of the excited state. An expression for the Ã2Π1/2(0,0,0) magnetic g factor is derived and shown to correctly model the observed magnetic tuning. A comparison with YbF is made and implications for the use of YbOH as a venue for symmetry violation measurements are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number052509
JournalPhysical Review A
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 22 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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