Fast algorithms for finding O(congestion + dilation) packet routing schedules

Tom Leighton, Bruce Maggs, Andrea Richa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

93 Scopus citations


In 1988, Leighton, Maggs, and Rao showed that for any network and any set of packets whose paths through the network are fixed and edge-simple, there exists a schedule for routing the packets to their destinations in O(c+d) steps using constant-size queues, where c is the congestion of the paths in the network, and d is the length of the longest path. The proof, however, used the Lovász Local Lemma and was not constructive. In this paper, we show how to find such a schedule in O(m(c+d)(log℘)4(log log℘)) time, with probability 1-1/℘β, for any positive constant β, where ℘ is the sum of the lengths of the paths taken by the packets in the network, and m is the number of edges used by some packet in the network. We also show how to parallelize the algorithm so that it runs in NC. The method that we use to construct the schedules is based on the algorithmic form of the Lovász Local Lemma discovered by Beck.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)375-401
Number of pages27
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics
  • Computational Mathematics


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