Exploring quality circles in the provision of therapeutic recreation services.

B. Wilhite, B. Terry, C. F. Yoshioka, D. D. McLean

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


This article provides a discussion of the advantages of implementing a Quality Circles program into a therapeutic recreation setting. Quality Circles, a Japanese management concept, has received increased support in American industry and human service organizations. It is founded on the principle of employee involvement and concern for the improvement of the organization. Disadvantages of Quality Circles include: (1) lack of management support; (2) time required to implement; (3) failure to hire consultants; and (4) improper composition of Circles. Advantages of Quality Circles are (1) improved communication; (2) management awareness of employee job-related concerns; (3) personal growth and development; (4) enhanced decision making skills; (5) increased individual power; (5) improved motivation; and (6) opportunities for recognition of individual improvement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6-13
Number of pages8
JournalTherapeutic recreation journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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