Examination of participation and performance of dancing movement in individuals with Down syndrome

C. C.(JJ) Chen, T. J. Bellama, Y. J. Ryuh, Shannon Ringenbach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Purpose: Many observations and anecdotes have suggested that individuals with Down syndrome (DS) love music, specifically moving to music. The purpose of this study, with the assumption that the music makes people with DS dance showing more movement than general public’s, is to observe the change in movement patterns of people with DS while they dance. Methods: The present study videotaped 10 individuals with DS and 10 mental age-matched (MA) participants dancing in response to five different types of music (e.g. rock fast, rock slow, classical, jazz, pop). Results: Our preliminary results suggest that individuals with DS had significantly more body sway than MA participants. In addition, individuals with DS were more active to the music than MA participants. However, no motor timing deficit was evident. Conclusions: This suggests that individuals with DS actively maintain their posture position in the challenging condition. Furthermore, they clearly enjoyed listening to the music and dancing. Based on our results, we suggest that more research need to be conducted examining the effects of dancing program on postural control, and timing in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)58-63
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Developmental Disabilities
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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