Estimating Water, Energy, and Carbon Footprints of Residential Swimming Pools

Tyler Gallion, Tyler Harrison, Robert Hulverson, Kiril Hristovski

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

11 Scopus citations


This chapter demonstrates the development and application of a model as a tool to assess and compare the environmental impacts of residential swimming pools. To demonstrate the applicability and dependability of this model as an assessment, planning, and management tool, realistic scenarios were employed to estimate and compare water, energy, and carbon footprints of residential swimming pools located in Maricopa County (Phoenix metropolitan area, Arizona) and colder climates. The estimated water footprints of the modeled residential swimming pools range from 45m3/year to 185m3/year/pool, while the estimated energy footprints range between 2400 and 2800kWh/year/pool. The carbon footprint of the modeled pools was estimated to be 1400±50kgCO2e/year/pool. In the absence of direct measurements, development and utilization of simple models to assess and predict water consumption proves to be an invaluable instrument that should be part of a versatile water management toolkit.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationWater Reclamation and Sustainability
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages17
ISBN (Print)9780124165762, 9780124116450
StatePublished - Jun 5 2014


  • Carbon footprint
  • Energy footprint
  • Model
  • Swimming pool
  • Water footprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Estimating Water, Energy, and Carbon Footprints of Residential Swimming Pools'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this