Environmental Health Threats to Latino Migrant Farmworkers

Federico Castillo, Ana M. Mora, Georgia L. Kayser, Jennifer Vanos, Carly Hyland, Audrey R. Yang, Brenda Eskenazi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

29 Scopus citations


Approximately 75% of farmworkers in the United States are Latino migrants, and about 50% of hired farmworkers do not have authorization to work in the United States. Farmworkers face numerous chemical, physical, and biological threats to their health. The adverse effects of these hazards may be amplified among Latino migrant farmworkers, who are concurrently exposed to various psychosocial stressors. Factors such as documentation status, potential lack of authorization to work in the United States, and language and cultural barriers may also prevent Latino migrants from accessing federal aid, legal assistance, and health programs. These environmental, occupational, and social hazards may further exacerbate existing health disparities among US Latinos. This population is also likely to be disproportionately impacted by emerging threats, including climate change and severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Latino migrant farmworkers are essential to agriculture in the United States, and actions are needed to protect this vulnerable population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAnnual Review of Public Health
PublisherAnnual Reviews Inc.
Number of pages20
StatePublished - Apr 1 2020

Publication series

NameAnnual Review of Public Health
ISSN (Print)0163-7525
ISSN (Electronic)1545-2093


  • Latino
  • agriculture
  • farmworkers
  • immigration
  • migrants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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