Enthalpies of formation of U-, Th-, Ce-brannerite: Implications for plutonium immobilization

K. B. Helean, A. Navrotsky, G. R. Lumpkin, M. Colella, J. Lian, R. C. Ewing, B. Ebbinghaus, J. G. Catalano

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52 Scopus citations


Brannerite, ideally MTi2O6, (M = actinides, lanthanides and Ca) occurs in titanate-based ceramics proposed for the immobilization of plutonium. Standard enthalpies of formation, ΔH0f at 298 K, for three brannerite compositions (kJ/mol): CeTi2O6 (-2948.8 ± 4.3), U0.97Ti2.03O6 (-2977.9 ± 3.5) and ThTi2O6 (-3096.5 ± 4.3) were determined by high temperature oxide melt drop solution calorimetry at 975 K using 3Na2O · 4MoO3 solvent. The enthalpies of formation were also calculated from an oxide phase assemblage (ΔH0f-ox at 298 K): MO2+2TiO2 = MTi2O6. Only UTi2O6 is energetically stable with respect to an oxide assemblage: U0.97Ti2.03O6 (ΔH0f-ox = -7.7 ± 2.8 kJ/mol). Both CeTi2O6 and ThTi2O6 are higher in enthalpy with respect to their oxide assemblages with (ΔH0f-ox = +29.4 ± 3.6 kJ/mol) and (ΔH0f-ox = +19.4 ± 1.6 kJ/mol) respectively. Thus, Ce- and Th-brannerite are entropy stabilized and are thermodynamically stable only at high temperature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)231-244
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering


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