Enhanced Social Cognitive Theory Dynamic Modeling and Simulation Towards Improving the Estimation of "Just-In-Time" States

Mohamed El Mistiri, Daniel E. Rivera, Predrag Klasnja, Junghwan Park, Eric Hekler

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations


Insufficient physical activity (PA) is commonplace in society, in spite of its significant impact on personal health and well-being. Improved interventions are clearly needed. One of the challenges faced in behavioral interventions is a lack of understanding of multi-timescale dynamics. In this paper we rely on a dynamical model of Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) to gain insights regarding a control-oriented experimental design for a behavioral intervention to improve PA. The intervention (Just Walk JITAI) is designed with the aim to better understand and estimate ideal times for intervention and support based on the concept of "just-in-time"states. An innovative input signal design strategy is used to study the just-in-time state dynamics through the use of decision rules based on conditions of need, opportunity and receptivity. Model simulations featuring within-day effects are used to assess input signal effectiveness. Scenarios for adherent and non-adherent participants are presented, with the proposed experimental design showing significant potential for reducing notification burden while providing informative data to support future system identification and control design efforts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2022 American Control Conference, ACC 2022
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781665451963
StatePublished - 2022
Event2022 American Control Conference, ACC 2022 - Atlanta, United States
Duration: Jun 8 2022Jun 10 2022

Publication series

NameProceedings of the American Control Conference
ISSN (Print)0743-1619


Conference2022 American Control Conference, ACC 2022
Country/TerritoryUnited States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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