Enhanced electrochemical performance of LiFe0.4Mn0.6(PO4)1 - x(BO3)x as cathode material for lithium ion batteries

Byung Cheol Sin, Laxman Singh, Kyoung Eun Lee, Minji Kim, Misun Cho, Jeffery Yarger, Sang Kook Woo, Hyung Il Lee, Youngil Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


A potential cathode material for lithium ion batteries has been developed using a boron polyanion substituted lithium iron manganese phosphate, LiFe0.4Mn0.6(PO4)1 - x(BO3)x (x = 0 to 0.03). Without any external carbon source, the material has been synthesized by solid-state reaction using ball-mill and was subsequently characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, electron energy loss spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry, and galvanostatic charge-discharge measurement. The LiFe0.4Mn0.6(PO4)1 - x(BO3)x samples show a single-phase crystalline nature with X-ray diffraction analysis, and enhanced discharge capacity at various C-rates as compared to that of pure LiFe0.4Mn0.6PO4. Among several LiFe0.4Mn0.6(PO4)1 - x(BO3)x samples, LiFe0.4Mn0.6(PO4)0.995(BO3)0.005 demonstrated the best cycleability, exhibiting an initial discharge capacity of 159.4 mAh g- 1 at 0.1 C and 113 mAh g- 1 at 3 C. LiFe0.4Mn0.6(PO4)1 - x(BO3)x demonstrates enhanced electrochemical properties with excellent reversible cycling via boron polyanion substitution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2236
Pages (from-to)56-60
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Electroanalytical Chemistry
StatePublished - Nov 1 2015


  • Cathode material
  • Lithium ion battery
  • Olivine
  • Polyanion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Electrochemistry


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