Employee Fit and Job Satisfaction in Bureaucratic and Entrepreneurial Work Environments

Julie Langer, Mary Feeney, Sang Eun Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


Job satisfaction has long proved an elusive construct in public management research. Typically, research investigating job satisfaction in the public sector has emphasized a direct link between work environment and individual attitudes. But, some argue that the interaction between work environment and employee attitudes is a more accurate starting point for understanding satisfaction. This analysis investigates the effect that bureaucratic and entrepreneurial work environments have on job satisfaction when employee–organization value congruence is introduced as a mediating factor. The results indicate that job satisfaction has a direct negative relationship with centralized work environments and an indirect positive relationship with entrepreneurial ones, and thus highlight a more complex relationship between work environment and job satisfaction than previously thought. While some environmental reforms may directly influence satisfaction, these findings indicate that value congruence is an important individual-level mechanism that can transform the relationship between the external environment and individual attitudes at work.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)135-155
Number of pages21
JournalReview of Public Personnel Administration
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 2019


  • job satisfaction
  • person–organization fit
  • value congruence
  • work environment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Administration
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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