Electrochemistry of ATP-capped silver nanoparticles in layer-by-layer multilayer films

Poonam Singh, Virgil C. Solomon, Daniel Buttry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Colloidal silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) capped with adenosine triphosphate (ATP) were prepared using borohydride reduction of Ag+ in the presence of ATP. Subsequent characterization was done using transmission electron microscopy/high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and non-contact atomic force microscopy (NcAFM) confirming the size and composition of the Ag NPs. This report focuses on two topics: (1) the change in NP size and properties as a function of molar ratios of Ag+ to ATP capping ligand to BH4 - reductant, and (2) the electrochemical behavior of the NPs in layer-by-layer (LbL) multilayer films. On the basis of electrostatic interaction between negatively charged phosphate groups on Ag NPs and positively charged poly(diallyldimethylammonium) hydrochloride, NPs were immobilized on 3-mercaptopropionic acid (MCP)-functionalized gold electrodes using LbL assembly method followed by characterization of the film using NcAFM. Furthermore, the redox chemistry for phase transformations of immobilized Ag NPs to AgCl or Ag2O in multilayer films was examined using cyclic voltammetry (CV) in NaOH and NaCl solutions. A non-linear increase of charge with an increase in the number of bilayers in the film was observed up to five layers. Underpotential deposition of Pb on multilayer film of Ag NPs confirmed the presence of Ag in multilayer films. The stability of the LbL film toward electrochemical cycling to higher potentials (i.e., +0.8 V) in NaOH solutions was evaluated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2496
JournalJournal of Nanoparticle Research
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2014


  • Electrochemistry
  • Layer-by-layer assembly
  • Phase transformation
  • Silver nanoparticles
  • Underpotential deposition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Bioengineering
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Modeling and Simulation


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