Efficient holographic focusing metasurface

Vinay R. Gowda, Mohammadreza F. Imani, Timothy Sleasman, David R. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


We present the design and experimental demonstration of an efficient holographic metasurface aperture that focuses microwaves in the Fresnel zone. The proposed circular structure consists of two stacked plates with their periphery terminated in a conductive layer. Microwaves are injected into the bottom plate, which forms the feed layer, and are coupled to the top holographic metasurface layer via an annular ring. This coupling results in an inward traveling cylindrical wave in the top layer, which serves as the reference wave for a hologram. The radiating elements consist of a slot pair with their orientations designed to couple efficiently with the cylindrical reference wave while maintaining a linearly polarized focused beam. A general condition on the slot pairs radiated power is proposed to ensure low sidelobe level (SLL) and is validated with full-wave simulation. An aperture that is 20 cm in diameter, operates at 20 GHz in the K-band frequency, and forms a diffraction-limited focal spot at a distance of 10 cm is experimentally demonstrated. The proposed near-field focusing metasurface has high antenna efficiency and can find application as a compact source for Fresnel-zone wireless power transfer and remote sensing schemes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1837
JournalElectronics (Switzerland)
Issue number15
StatePublished - Aug 1 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Focusing
  • Holographic metasurface
  • Near-field
  • Wireless power transfer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Signal Processing
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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