Effect of Particle Shape on Strength and Stiffness of Biocemented Glass Beads

Yang Xiao, Armin W. Stuedlein, Jinyu Ran, T. Matthew Evans, Liang Cheng, Hanlong Liu, Leon A. Van Paassen, Jian Chu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

119 Scopus citations


Microbially induced calcite precipitation (MICP) has attracted significant attention as a promising in situ ground reinforcement method, particularly for the improvement of existing structure foundations. Prior to its widespread application, further study is required to answer questions that seek to improve understanding of the fundamental mechanisms of cementation. This paper focuses on the influence of particle shape on the stiffness and strength of MICP-treated glass beads through a series of unconfined compression tests. The concept of combined overall regularity was used to quantitatively evaluate the particle shape of five mixtures with different proportions of rounded and angular glass beads. Increases in the combined overall regularity resulted in significant decreases in the unconfined compressive strength and secant modulus at 50% unconfined strength, particularly for specimens with greater cementation, but a slight increase in the calcite precipitation. This validates that it is the calcite-bridging formation between particle contacts that primarily contributes to the strength increase observed in MICP-treated glass beads.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number06019016
JournalJournal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1 2019


  • Microbially induced calcite precipitation
  • Overall regularity
  • Particle shape
  • Unconfined strength

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology


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