Earth matter effects on supernova neutrinos in large-volume detectors

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Neutrino oscillations in the Earth matter may introduce peculiar modulations in the supernova (SN) neutrino spectra. The detection of this effect has been proposed as diagnostic tool for the neutrino mass hierarchy. We perform an updated study on the observability of this effect at large next-generation underground detectors (i.e., 0.4 Mton water Cherenkov, 50 kton scintillation and 100 kton liquid Argon detectors) based on neutrino fluxes from state-of-the-art SN simulations and accounting for statistical fluctuations via Montecarlo simulations. Since the average energies predicted by recent simulations are lower than previously expected and a tendency towards the equalization of the neutrino fluxes appears during the SN cooling phase, the detection of the Earth matter effect will be more challenging than expected from previous studies. We find that none of the proposed detectors shall be able to detect the Earth modulation for the neutrino signal of a typical galactic SN at 10 kpc. It should be observable in a 100 kton liquid Argon detector for a SN at few kpc and all three detectors would clearly see the Earth signature for very close-by stars only (d ∼ 200 pc).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)339-341
Number of pages3
JournalNuclear Physics B - Proceedings Supplements
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013
Externally publishedYes
Event25th International Conference on Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics, Neutrino Oscillation Workshop, NOW 2012 - Otranto, Italy
Duration: Sep 9 2012Sep 15 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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