Dynamics of a model with quarantine-adjusted incidence and quarantine of susceptible individuals

Mohammad A. Safi, Abba B. Gumel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


A new deterministic model for the spread of a communicable disease that is controllable using mass quarantine is designed. Unlike in the case of the vast majority of prior quarantine models in the literature, the new model includes a quarantine-adjusted incidence function for the infection rate and the quarantine of susceptible individuals suspected of being exposed to the disease (thereby making it more realistic epidemiologically). The earlier quarantine models tend to only explicitly consider individuals who are already infected, but show no clinical symptoms of the disease (i.e., those latently-infected), in the quarantine class (while ignoring the quarantine of susceptible individuals). In reality, however, the vast majority of people in quarantine (during a disease outbreak) are susceptible. Rigorous analysis of the model shows that the assumed imperfect nature of quarantine (in preventing the infection of quarantined susceptible individuals) induces the phenomenon of backward bifurcation when the associated reproduction threshold is less than unity (thereby making effective disease control difficult). For the case when the efficacy of quarantine to prevent infection during quarantine is perfect, the disease-free equilibrium is globally-asymptotically stable when the reproduction threshold is less than unity. Furthermore, the model has a unique endemic equilibrium when the reproduction threshold exceeds unity (and the disease persists in the population in this case).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)565-575
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 15 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Equilibrium
  • Quarantine
  • Reproduction number
  • Stability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analysis
  • Applied Mathematics


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