Developing holistic leaders: Four domains for leadership development and practice

Scott A. Quatro, David Waldman, Benjamin M. Galvin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations


Leadership development and practice have traditionally been quite narrow, with a decided focus on the analytical realm of leadership. However, the contemporary climate of corporate scandal and resultant loss of societal confidence, coupled with the evolving demands, needs, and expectations of employees, point to the potential need for a more holistic approach to leadership. Thus, this article proposes how management education and leadership development programs can develop holistic leaders that are adept at operating in the analytical, conceptual, emotional, and spiritual domains of leadership practice. An integrated model for holistic leadership development and practice that addresses all four of these domains is proposed, and grounded in both established and emerging leadership development theory. Additionally, a leadership development classification scheme is proposed based on classroom, job, and organizational contexts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)427-441
Number of pages15
JournalHuman Resource Management Review
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2007


  • Leadership development
  • Management education
  • Strategic human resource management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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