Developing an understanding of the human resource (HR) complexities in Pakistan with a GLOBE cultural lens

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17 Scopus citations


This article presents primary data from the GLOBE study in Pakistan and compares them with secondary data from the 61 GLOBE societies, in an effort to increase the interest of scholars of cross-cultural management in Pakistan and also provide a practically useful overview for businesses. Results based on data collected from 152 middle managers using the original GLOBE research instruments indicate that Pakistani society exhibits high power distance and in-group collectivism but low assertiveness and gender egalitarianism. The results also indicate a desire to create a more egalitarian society; however, people appear to treasure the lack of assertiveness and high in-group loyalty. In light of these findings, the authors offer implications for management in Pakistan, in accordance with cross-cultural management literature. In-depth research within Pakistan, as well as comparative cross-national studies, are needed to develop a deeper understanding of the impact of the culture on human resource practices in Pakistan.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)483-501
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Management and Organization
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1 2020


  • cross-cultural issues in HRM in emerging markets
  • cross-cultural management
  • cultural dimensions
  • international human resource management
  • national culture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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