Designer fungus FAD glucose dehydrogenase capable of direct electron transfer

Kohei Ito, Junko Okuda-Shimazaki, Kazushige Mori, Katsuhiro Kojima, Wakako Tsugawa, Kazunori Ikebukuro, Chi En Lin, Jeffrey LaBelle, Hiromi Yoshida, Koji Sode

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


Fungi-derived flavin adenine dinucleotide glucose dehydrogenases (FADGDHs) are currently the most popular and advanced enzymes for self-monitoring of blood glucose sensors; however, the achievement of direct electron transfer (DET) with FADGDHs is difficult. In this study, a designer FADGDH was constructed by fusing Aspergillus flavus derived FADGDH (AfGDH) and a Phanerochaete chrisosporium CDH (PcCDH)-derived heme b-binding cytochrome domain to develop a novel FADGDH that is capable of direct electron transfer with an electrode. A structural prediction suggested that the heme in the CDH may exist in proximity to the FAD of AfGDH if the heme b-binding cytochrome domain is fused to the AfGDH N-terminal region. Spectroscopic observations of recombinantly produced designer FADGDH confirmed the intramolecular electron transfer between FAD and the heme. A decrease in pH and the presence of a divalent cation improved the intramolecular electron transfer. An enzyme electrode with the immobilized designer FADGDH showed an increase in current immediately after the addition of glucose in a glucose concentration-dependent manner, whereas those with wild-type AfGDH did not show an increase in current. Therefore, the designer FADGDH was confirmed to be a novel GDH that possesses electrode DET ability. The difference in the surface electrostatic potentials of AfGDH and the catalytic domain of PcCDH might be why their intramolecular electron transfer ability is inferior to that of CDH. These relevant and consistent findings provide us with a novel strategic approach for the improvement of the DET properties of designer FADGDH.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)114-123
Number of pages10
JournalBiosensors and Bioelectronics
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019


  • Cellobiose dehydrogenase
  • Designer FADGDH
  • Direct electron transfer
  • Fusion protein
  • Glucose dehydrogenase
  • Heme b-binding cytochrome domain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biophysics
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Electrochemistry


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