Design and expression of a bispecific antibody against dengue and chikungunya virus in plants

Adrian Esqueda, Collin Jugler, Qiang Chen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

5 Scopus citations


Recombinant proteins have a broad range of applications from basic research to pharmaceutical development. Of utmost importance in the production of recombinant proteins is the selection of the best recombinant protein production system, such that high-quality and functional recombinant proteins are produced. Plants can produce a large quantity of recombinant proteins rapidly and economically. Glycoengineering has created “humanized” plant lines that can produce glycoproteins with specific human glycans with a high level of homogeneity on demand. Here, a detailed protocol was provided to produce a large, multisubunit, and complex bispecific antibody that targets two distinct viruses. The successful production of this multiple-subunit protein demonstrated that plants are the optimal system for the production of recombinant proteins of various sizes and complexity, which can be employed for various applications including diagnostics, therapeutics, and vaccines to combat current and future pandemics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationRecombinant Protein Expression
Subtitle of host publicationEukaryotic Hosts
EditorsWilliam B. O'Dell, William B. O'Dell, Zvi Kelman, Zvi Kelman
PublisherAcademic Press Inc
Number of pages16
ISBN (Print)9780323907378
StatePublished - Jan 2021

Publication series

NameMethods in Enzymology
ISSN (Print)0076-6879
ISSN (Electronic)1557-7988


  • Bifunctional antibody
  • Bispecific antibody
  • Chikungunya virus
  • Dengue virus
  • Plant expression system
  • Plant-made biologics
  • Plant-made pharmaceutical

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology


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