Cultural variations on the SIMS model

Christine M. Covas-Smith, Justin Fine, Arthur Glenberg, Eric Keylor, Yexin Jessica Li, Elizabeth Marsh, Elizabeth A. Osborne, Tamer Soliman, Claire Yee

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Niedenthal et al. recognize that cultural differences are important when interpreting facial expressions. Nonetheless, many of their core observations derive more from individualistic cultures than from collectivist cultures. We discuss two examples from the latter: (1) lower rates of mutual eye contact, and (2) the ubiquity of specific functional smiles. These examples suggest constraints on the assumptions and applicability of the SIMS model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)444-445
Number of pages2
JournalBehavioral and Brain Sciences
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Physiology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience


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