Cultural and ethnic differences in content validation responses

Bronwynne C. Evans

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Eight instruments to evaluate grant interventions aimed at increasing recruitment and retention of Hispanic/Latino and American Indian nurses were developed for a Nursing Workforce Diversity Grant. This article compares expert reviewer responses during content validation of these instruments with (a) current literature and (b) seven filmed intervals of Hispanic/Latino and American Indian nurses speaking about their educational experiences. White reviewers responded differently to certain items than did Hispanic/Latino and American Indian reviewers (or reviewers closely affiliated with such persons). Responses of Hispanic/Latino and American Indian experts were aligned with one another but not aligned with the responses of White experts, who also agreed with one another, prompting literature and film comparisons with their responses. Faculty development may be needed to help teachers uncover their assumptions about students of color, acquire knowledge about cultural perspectives, recognize institutional racism, and attain the skills necessary to develop and implement a curriculum of inclusion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)321-339
Number of pages19
JournalWestern journal of nursing research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Content validation
  • Cultural diversity
  • Nursing faculty
  • Students of color

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)


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