Crystal structure of kanemite, NaHSi2O5·3H2O, from the Aris phonolite, Namibia

Laurence Garvie, Bertrand Devouard, Thomas L. Groy, Fernando Cámara, P R Buseck

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64 Scopus citations


Kanemite was studied by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The mineral, ideally NaHSi2O5·3H2O, is orthorhombic (space group Pbcn); unit-cell parameters area a = 4.946(3), b = 20.502(15), c = 7.275(3) Å, with Z = 4. The structure is solved and refined to an R value of 0.058 for 825 independent reflections. The arrangement of atoms consists of alternating (010) sheets of corrugated [Si2O4OH](n)(n-) and hydrated Na. The silicate sheets contain six-membered rings of HOSiO3-SiO4 units. Sodium atoms coordinate to six water molecules, forming layers of distorted octahedra. Residual electron densities were located that give reasonable positions for four H atoms. One H is part of a silanol group, and the other three H atoms are associated with water bonded to Na. Bonding between the silicate and Na sheets is through hydrogen bonding from H of the Na layer to O of the silicate sheet.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1170-1175
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Mineralogist
Issue number7-8
StatePublished - 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology


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