Cross-boder shopping. A North American perspective

Dallen J. Timothy, Richard W. Butler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

227 Scopus citations


This paper examines the place of cross-border shopping in the context of tourism between Canada and the United States and the implications that this has for the role of shopping as a generator of tourism. A review of the relationship between shopping and tourism is followed by an examination of the sudden increase in cross-border shopping in North America of the 1980s, and the public and private sector responses. This surge of Canadian cross-border shoppers resulted in a significant increase in the travel deficit for Canada and attracted political, legislative, economic, and social reaction. Models are proposed as aids to understanding the role of cross- border shopping in tourism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16-34
Number of pages19
JournalAnnals of Tourism Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes


  • North America
  • cross-border
  • shopping
  • tourism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


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