Cotton fabric surface modification for improved UV radiation protection using sol-gel process

Noureddine Abidi, Eric Hequet, Sowmitri Tarimala, Lenore L. Dai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

137 Scopus citations


In this study, lightweight 100% cotton fabric was successfully modified by the sol-gel process to impart high ultraviolet radiation (UVR) scattering property to the fabric surface. Active ingredients were tetraethyl orthotitanate [Ti(OCH2CH3)4] and tetraethyl orthosilicate [Si(OCH2CH3)4]. The cotton fabric was padded with the nanosol solution, dried at 60°C, and cured at 150°C. Scanning electron microscopy showed continuous and uniform film on the fiber surface. Excellent UVR scattering was obtained with all treated fabrics. Increasing titania content in the nanosol solution leads to increased UVR protection. This is attributed to the increase of the refractive index of the film formed on the fabric surface. Excellent durability of the treatment was obtained, which indicates a good adhesion between the coating and the fabric surface.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)111-117
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Issue number1
StatePublished - Apr 5 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Coatings
  • Cotton fibers
  • Functionalization of polymer
  • Gel
  • Modification
  • Thin film
  • Ultraviolet radiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry


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