Continuous Nanoparticle Patterning Strategy in Layer-Structured Nanocomposite Fibers

Weiheng Xu, Rahul Franklin, Dharneedar Ravichandran, Mohammed Bawareth, Sayli Jambhulkar, Yuxiang Zhu, Mounika Kakarla, Faizan Ejaz, Beomjin Kwon, Mohammad K. Hassan, Maryam Al-Ejji, Amir Asadi, Nikhilesh Chawla, Kenan Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Anisotropic polymer/nanoparticle composites display unique mechanical, thermal, electrical, and optical properties depending on confirmation and configuration control of the composing elements. Processes, such as vapor deposition, ice-templating, nanoparticle self-assembly, additive manufacturing, or layer-by-layer casting, are explored to design and control nanoparticle microstructures with desired anisotropy or isotropy. However, limited attempts are made toward nanoparticle patterning during continuous fiber spinning due to the thin-diameter cross section and 1D features. Thus, this research focuses on a new patterning technique to form ordered nanoparticle assembly in layered composite fibers. As a result, distinct layers can be retained with innovative tool design, unique material combinations, and precise rheology control during fiber spinning. The layer multiplying-enabled nanoparticle patterning is demonstrated in a few material systems, including polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)–boron nitride (BN)/PVA, polyacrylonitrile (PAN)–aluminum (Al)/PAN, and PVA–BN/graphene nanoplatelet (GNP)/PVA systems. This approach demonstrates an unprecedentedly reported fiber manufacturing platform for well-managed layer dimensions and nanoparticle manipulations with directional thermal and electrical properties that can be utilized in broad applications, including structural supports, heat exchangers, electrical conductors, sensors, actuators, and soft robotics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2204731
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number35
StatePublished - Aug 25 2022


  • anisotropic
  • energy efficiency
  • multilayers
  • passive thermoregulators
  • polymer nanoparticle composites

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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