7 Scopus citations


Contactless vital sign measurement technologies have the potential to greatly improve patient experiences and practitioner safety while creating the opportunity for comfortable continuous monitoring. We introduce a contactless alternative for measuring human heart sounds. We leverage millimeter wave frequency-modulated continuous wave radar and multi-input multi-output beamforming techniques to capture fine skin vibrations that result from the cardiac movements that cause heart sounds. We discuss contact-based heart sound measurement techniques and directly compare the radar heart sound technique with these contact-based approaches. We present experimental cases to test the strengths and limitations of both the contact-based measurement techniques and the contactless radar measurement. We demonstrate that the radar measurement technique is a viable and potentially superior method for capturing human heart sounds in many practical settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number169
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2023


  • MIMO
  • cardiograph
  • heart sound
  • millimeter wave
  • radar
  • signal processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering


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