Composition-segmented BiSbTe thermoelectric generator fabricated by multimaterial 3D printing

Seong Eun Yang, Fredrick Kim, Faizan Ejaz, Gi Seung Lee, Hyejin Ju, Seungjun Choo, Jungsoo Lee, Gyeonghun Kim, Soo ho Jung, Sangjoon Ahn, Han Gi Chae, Kyung Tae Kim, Beomjin Kwon, Jae Sung Son

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


Segmented thermoelectric generators (TEGs) comprising multiple TE elements can operate over a large thermal gradient without inherent conversion efficiency (ZT) losses of materials. However, despite excellent theoretical efficiencies, the performance of actual segmented TEGs are critically affected by several challenges related to material incompatibility and limited design flexibility in conventional fabrication processes. Herein, we report the multi-material 3D printing of composition-segmented BiSbTe materials by the sequential deposition of all-inorganic viscoelastic TE inks containing BixSb2-xTe3 particles, tailored with Sb2Te42− chalcogenidometallate binders. The peak ZTs of the 3D-printed materials controllably shifted from room temperature to 250 °C by composition engineering of BixSb2-xTe3 particles. We fabricated the optimally designed TEG comprising the 3D-printed, composition-segmented tri-block Bi0.55Sb1.45Te3/Bi0.5Sb1.5Te3/Bi0.35Sb1.65Te3 TE leg, which extends the peak ZTs and satisfies full compatibility across the entire temperature range, realizing a record-high efficiency of 8.7% under the temperature difference of 236 °C. Our approach offers a promising strategy to optimize segmented TEGs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number105638
JournalNano Energy
StatePublished - Mar 2021


  • 3D printing
  • BiSbTe
  • Power generator
  • Segmented module
  • Thermoelectric materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • General Materials Science
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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