Competition of FAU and LTA in the synthesis system (TMA, Na) 2O-Al2O3-SiO2-H2O

Sanyuan Yang, Qinghua Li, Miaojun Wang, Alexandra Navrotsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Eight initially clear solutions (with a general formula based on molar ratios of the components, xNaOH:(5.86 - x)TMAOH:1.0Al2O 3:3.40SiO2:370H2O:19.6EtOH:6.0iso-PrOH, x = 0.06-0.86) with various sodium concentrations were prepared for synthesis of FAU/LTA zeolites at 98.0 °C. The synthesis process was studied using in situ calorimetry and the solid products were characterized using XRD, SEM and TG-DSC. At low sodium concentration (x = 0.06), the product is nearly pure FAU while with increasing x from 0.06 to 0.86, LTA gradually becomes dominant. In addition, the sodium concentration has a strong influence on crystal size but limited influence on the chemical composition of the resulting zeolite(s). At x = 0.86, the conversion yields of both silica and alumina are about 50%. When x decreases from 0.86 to 0.06, both conversion yields rapidly decrease to only about 4%. In contrast, the conversion yield of sodium remains at a much higher level (75-100%). There appears to be a maximum crystallization rate at x = 0.16-0.26. Crystallization of both FAU and LTA zeolites is exothermic and the crystallization enthalpy for FAU is higher in magnitude than for LTA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)261-267
Number of pages7
JournalMicroporous and Mesoporous Materials
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 9 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Calorimetry
  • FAU
  • Kinetics
  • LTA
  • Zeolite synthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials


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