Compact, walkable, diverse neighborhoods: Assessing effects on residents

Emily Talen, Julia Koschinsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations


What research supports the view that compact, walkable, diverse (CWD) neighborhoods are beneficial for urban residents? To make this assessment, we searched the literature to try to understand the current status of evidence regarding claims about the CWD neighborhood. We find that research linking CWD neighborhoods to effects on residents coalesces around three main topics: social relations, health, and safety. We conclude that on the basis of the literature reviewed, most of the intended benefits of the CWD neighborhood have been researched and found to have significant, positive effects for urban dwellers. While physical factors are but one element affecting behavior and outcomes, and the issues of self-selection and causality remain, overall, key dimensions of the CWD neighborhood have been found to positively affect social interaction, health, and safety.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)717-750
Number of pages34
JournalHousing Policy Debate
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2014


  • Neighborhood
  • Smart growth
  • Urban form
  • Urban planning
  • Walkability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development
  • Urban Studies
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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