Coaching behaviors and stakeholders’ views of coaches’ efficacy

Courtney Teatro, Melissa Thompson, Pamela Kulinna, Hans Van Der Mars, Ja Youn Kwan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


There appears to be a relationship between coaching efficacy and athlete satisfaction, confidence, and performance, as well as coach behavior. However, little research exists, specifically within a high school setting, examining the relationship between coaches’ perceptions of efficacy and those of stakeholders (parents and athletes). The purpose of this research was to examine the relationship between coaches’ efficacy and stakeholders’ views of coach efficacy. A sample of 516 coaches, 115 athletes, and 103 parents were recruited. Coaches have significantly higher levels of coaching efficacy on all four efficacy domains than the ratings from athletes and parents, while no differences between athlete and parent scores exist. Although coaches reported relatively high levels of coaching efficacy, they reported the lowest efficacy for motivation. Athletes concurred, providing the lowest scores for coaches in motivation. Implications for coaching education are discussed, including a greater need for training on implementing athlete motivation techniques.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)452-460
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Science and Coaching
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2017


  • High-school sport coaches
  • Parents
  • Self-efficacy theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


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