Classes of graphs that are not vertex Ramsey

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Sauer [Combinatorics, 1 (1993), pp. 361-377] has conjectured that for any tree T and any clique K, the class Forb(T, K) of graphs that induces neither T nor K is not vertex Ramsey. This conjecture is implied by an even stronger conjecture of Gyárfás and independently by Sumner, that Forb(T, K) is x-bounded. Until now, for all trees T, if Forb(T, K) was known to not be vertex Ramsey, then Forb(T, K) was also known to be x-bounded. In this paper we introduce a new class of trees, spiders with toes, which includes all trees T such that Forb(T) is known to be x-bounded as well as other trees for which it is not known to be x-bounded. We show that for every spider with toes T, Forb(T, K) is not vertex Ramsey.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)373-380
Number of pages8
JournalSIAM Journal on Discrete Mathematics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 1997


  • Chromatic number
  • Hypergraph
  • Ramsey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mathematics(all)


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