Checkerboard EBG surfaces for wideband radar cross section reduction

Wengang Chen, Constantine Balanis, Craig R. Birtcher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

356 Scopus citations


Electromagnetic band-gap (EBG) structures have noteworthy electromagnetic characteristics that include their reflection phase variations with frequency. This paper applies this unique reflection phase property to alter the direction of the fields scattered by a radar target to reduce its radar cross section (RCS). This redirecting of the scattered fields occurs when a surface is covered with a checkerboard of alternating EBG structures, and results in a wider frequency band RCS reduction. RCS reduction compared to a PEC surface of 10 dB can be realized over 60% frequency bandwidth. Simulations of monostatic and bistatic RCSs of two dual EBG checkerboard surfaces, square and hexagonal, are compared with those of equal-sized PEC ground planes. The simulated monostatic RCS is also compared with measurements. Both TEz and TMz polarizations for oblique incidence are considered. Excellent agreement is obtained between simulated and measured patterns, for both the square and the hexagonal EBG checkerboard surfaces. An approximate analytical expression is provided as a guideline for a 10-dB RCS reduction of a dual EBG checkerboard surface compared to that of a PEC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7063245
Pages (from-to)2636-2645
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015


  • Bandwidth
  • Checkerboard Surfaces
  • EBG Structures
  • RCS Reduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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