Charge state distributions for heavy ions in carbon stripper foils

M. A. McMahan, Richard Lebed, B. Feinberg

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Scopus citations


The authors have extended the database of measured charge state distributions available in the literature through measurements at the SuperHILAC using carbon stripper foils in the energy range 1.2-8.5 MeV/u. By modifying a semiempirical model to include the effect of electronic shells, they are able to correctly predict the mean charge state to within 1/2 a charge state for 6 ≤ Z ≤ 92 and energies from 30 keV/u to 16 MeV/u. Parameters for the widths of the distributions were determined for each electronic shell. For distributions lying across a shell boundary, two Gaussians of different widths were joined to get an asymmetric distribution. Using these modifications, the codes used at the Bevalac for predicting charge state distributions were improved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProc 1989 IEEE Part Accel Conf
EditorsFloyd Bennett, Joyce Kopta
Place of PublicationPiscataway, NJ, United States
PublisherPubl by IEEE
Number of pages3
StatePublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the 1989 IEEE Particle Accelerator Conference - Chicago, IL, USA
Duration: Mar 20 1989Mar 23 1989


OtherProceedings of the 1989 IEEE Particle Accelerator Conference
CityChicago, IL, USA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)


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