CCBD’s Position on Eliminating the Use of Seclusion in Educational Settings

Jennifer Freeman, Reece Peterson, Lee Kern, Sarup R. Mathur, Brian Barber, Mara Power, Madison Perea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


This document provides recommendations of the Council for Children with Behavioral Disorders (CCBD) regarding the use of seclusion in schools. It updates the CCBD’s position on this topic first published in 2009 and includes (a) key definitions, (b) a summary of problems with the use of seclusion, (c) strategies to eliminate the use of seclusion, (d) a summary of law and policy related to seclusion, (e) a summary of research on seclusion, (f) a declaration of principles, and (g) recommendations regarding the elimination of seclusion in educational settings. A parallel document provides recommendations related to the use of physical restraint procedures in educational settings, which is often associated with the use of seclusion procedures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)134-144
Number of pages11
JournalBehavioral Disorders
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2023


  • crisis response
  • restraint
  • seclusion
  • solitary confinement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology


Dive into the research topics of 'CCBD’s Position on Eliminating the Use of Seclusion in Educational Settings'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this