Calibration, validation, and verification including uncertainty of a physically motivated internal state variable plasticity and damage model

K. N. Solanki, M. F. Horstemeyer, W. G. Steele, Y. Hammi, J. B. Jordon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


In this paper, we illustrate a formal calibration, validation, and verification process that includes uncertainty in an internal state variable plasticity-damage model that is implemented in a finite element code. The physically motivated continuum model characterizes damage evolution by incorporating material uncertainty due to microstructural spatial clustering. The uncertainty analysis is performed by introducing material variation through model validation and verification. The effect of variability in microstructural clustering and boundary conditions on the sensitivities and uncertainty of the plasticity-damage evolution for the 7075 aluminum alloy is characterized. The results show the potential of this methodology in the evaluation of material response uncertainty due to microstructure spatial clustering and its effect on damage evolution. For damage evolution, we have shown that the initial isotropic damage evolved into an anisotropic form as the deformation increased which is consistent with experimentally observed behavior for 7075 aluminum alloy in literature. Also, the sensitivities were found to be consistent with the physics of damage progression for this particular type of material. Through the sensitivity analysis, the initial defect size and number density of cracked particles are important at the beginning of deformation. As damage evolves, more voids are nucleated and grow and the sensitivity analysis illustrates this as well. Then, voids combine with each other and coalescence becomes the main driver, which is also confirmed by the sensitivity analysis. This work also shows that the microstructurally based damage evolution equations provide an accurate representation of the damage progression due to large intermetallic particles. Finally, we illustrate that the initial variation in the microstructure clustering can lead to about ±7.0%, ±8.1%, and ±9.75% variation in the elongation to failure strain for torsion, tensile, and compressive loading, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)186-203
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Solids and Structures
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 15 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Damage
  • Internal state variable
  • Model verification and validation
  • Uncertainty
  • Void coalescence
  • Void growth
  • Void nucleation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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