Bridging user and provider perspectives: Family planning access and utilization in rural Mozambique

Victor Agadjanian, Sarah R. Hayford, Luciana Luz, Jing Yao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Objectives: To examine how the contraceptive behavior of women in rural southern Mozambique is shaped by their individual and household characteristics; community characteristics; access to family planning services; and characteristics of health facilities. Methods: Quantitative and qualitative data were collected mostly between January 20 and December 15, 2011, in rural areas of four districts in Gaza Province, Mozambique. The data included: a retrospective household-based survey of women of reproductive age (the analytical sample consisted of 1554 non-pregnant women in marital union); qualitative interviews with a subsample of surveyed women; a survey of communities where the women resided (n = 56); and a survey of all health facilities in the study area (n = 56). Binomial and multinomial logistic models were fitted to predict current use of modern contraceptive methods. Statistical analyses were complemented by insights from qualitative data. Results: Positive associations were detected between contraceptive use and education, household wealth, and perceived HIV infection status. Distance to the clinic was negatively associated with contraceptive use. These effects were additive, with some varying by type of contraceptive method. Examination of qualitative data highlighted frequent cognitive dissonance between service providers and users. Conclusion: A simultaneous consideration of user-level and provider-level perspectives on contraceptive use improves our understanding of contraceptive dynamics and can usefully inform policy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E47-E51
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
StatePublished - Aug 1 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Contraceptive methods
  • Family planning
  • Mixed methods
  • Mozambique
  • Provider-user interaction
  • Rural areas
  • Sub-Saharan Africa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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